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    韩语入门发音规则一览表

    2018-06-07 02:54:39

    1. 连音化

    条件:韵尾(除? ?)+元音

    发音规则:韵尾移动到后面音节上,替代其首音?,跟后面元音拼成一个音节。




    单词中

    ???[???]

    ??[??]

    ??[??]对[??]错

    单词+助词

    ???[???]

    ??[??]

    ??[??]对[??] -

    单词+词尾

    ????[????]

    ????[????]

    ???[???]对[???]错

    *不连音

    ??? [???]对 [???]错??? [???]对 [???]错



    2. 脱落

    条件:韵尾?+元音

    发音规则:韵尾?不发音



    ?+元音

    ???[???]

    ???[???]

    ???[???]

    ???[???]


    3. 添加

    条件:【部分合成词】 +? /半元音?

    发音规则:中间添加?音




    +?

    ??[??]→[??]

    ??[??]

    *8?[??]→[??]

    +?

    ??[??]→[??]

    ??[??]

    ??[??]→[??]

    4. 送气音化

    条件:韵尾? /? /? /? +首音? 或者

    韵尾? + 首音? /? /? /?

    发音规则:把首音发成 ? /? /? / ?




    ?

    ?+?

    ?+?


    ??[??]

    ????[????]

    ??[??]

    ???[???]

    ?

    ?+?

    ?+?


    ??[??]

    ???[???]

    ??[??]

    ???[???]

    ?

    ?+?

    ?+?


    ??[??]

    ???[???]

    -


    ?

    ?+?

    ?+?


    ???[???]

    ????[????]

    ???[???]

    ????[????]

    5. 同化

    条件(1):韵尾? ? +首音?

    发音规则:?发成?音



    ?+?

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ?+?

    ???[???]

    ??[??]

    条件(2):韵尾? +首音? 或者 韵尾? +首音?

    发音规则:?发成?音



    ?+?

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ?+?

    ??[??]

    ???[???]

    条件(3):【部分汉字词】韵尾? ? +首音?

    发音规则:?发成?音

    部分汉字词


    ?+?

    ??[??]→[??]

    ??[??]→[??]

    ?+?

    ??[??]→[??]

    ???[???]→[???]

    条件(4):韵尾?(? ? ? ?) /?(? ? ? ? ?) /?(? ? ? ?) +首音? /?

    发音规则:韵尾? /? /? 分别发成 ? /? /?








    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?


    ?+?

    ????[???]

    -

    ??[??]

    -

    ???[???]


    ?+?

    ??[??]

    ???[???]

    -

    -

    ??[??]



    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?+?

    ???[???]

    ???[???]

    ???[???]

    ????[???]

    -

    ???[???]

    ?+?

    -

    ??[??]

    -

    ???[???]

    ??[??]

    -


    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?


    ?+?

    ??[??]

    -

    ??[??]

    ???[???]

    ??[??]


    ?+?

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    -

    -

    ??[??]


    6. 腭化

    条件:韵尾? ?+?

    发音规则:韵尾? ?和后面的元音拼成 ? ? 而不是 ? ?



    ?+?

    ??[??]对[??]错

    ???[???]对[???]错

    ?+?

    ??[??]对[??]错

    ??[??]对 [??]错

    7. 紧音化

    条件(1):韵尾?(?) ?(?) + 首音? /? /?

    发音规则:首音? /? /? ? 分别发紧音 ? /? /?





    +?

    +?

    +?

    ?+

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ?+

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ?+

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ?+

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    条件(2):【部分汉字词】韵尾? +首音? /? /? /? /?

    发音规则:首音? /? /? /? /? 分别发成 紧音 ? /? /? /? /?







    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ??[??]律句

    ??[??]热带

    ??[??]律法

    ??[??]血书

    ??[??]日程

    ??[??]绝句

    ??[??]绝对

    ???[???]口述法

    ??[??]密输

    ??[??]发展


    *不适用

    *??[??]发现

    -

    *??[??]末伏

    *??[??]月饼

    -

    *??[??]物件

    -

    *??[??]折半

    *??[??]日记

    -


    条件(3):冠词形语尾 –? /?+首音? /? /? /? /?

    发音规则:首音? /? /? /? /? 分别发成 紧音? /? /? /? /?







    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    -?

    ? ?[??]

    ? ?[??]

    ? ? ?[???]

    ? ?[??]

    ? ?[??]

    -?

    ?? ?[???]

    ?? ?[???]

    ?? ?[???]

    ?? ?[???]

    ??? ?[????]

    条件(4):韵尾?(? ? ? ?) /?(? ? ? ? ?) /?(? ? ? ?) +首音? /? /? /? /?

    发音规则:首音? /? /? /? /? 分别发成 紧音? /? /? /? /?








    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?

    ?


    ?+?

    ??[??]

    ???[???]

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ??[??]


    ?+?

    ??[??]

    -

    ??[??]

    ??[??]

    ??[??]


    ?+?

    ??[??]

    ?????[?????]

    -

    -

    -


    ?+?

    ??[??]

    ????[????]

    ??[??]

    -

    ????[????]


    ?+?

    ??[??]

    -

    ??[??]

    -

    ??[??]



    ?

    ?

    ?

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    ?+?


    ???[???]

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    -

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    -

    -

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    ?+?

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    ?+?

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